A stroke occurs when the blood supply to part of your brain is interrupted or reduced, depriving brain tissue of oxygen and nutrients. Within minutes, brain cells begin to die. When this happens, brain cells are deprived of oxygen and begin to die. When brain cells die during a stroke, abilities controlled by that area of the brain such as memory and muscle control are lost and so people with this disease have trouble with speaking and understanding. One may experience confusion. One may develop sudden numbness, weakness or paralysis in one’s face, arm or leg. One side of the face might droop/bend limply, due to weakness and lack of proper functioning. This often happens just on one side of one ’s body. The trouble with seeing in one or both eyes. One may suddenly have blurred or blackened vision in one or both eyes, or one may even see double. A sudden, severe headache might occur. Trouble with walking. One may stumble or experience sudden dizziness, loss of balance or loss of coordination.
How a person is affected by their stroke depends on where the stroke occurs in the brain and how much the brain is damaged. For example, someone who had a small stroke may only have minor problems such as temporary weakness of an arm or leg. People who have larger strokes may be permanently paralyzed on one side of their body or lose their ability to speak. Some people recover completely from strokes, but more than 2/3 of survivors will have some type of disability.
When one has brain strokes disease, one requires help with daily chores, normal day-to-day activities, hence people around them will have to help them, support them. One with the disease may experience feelings of irritability, forgetfulness, carelessness or confusion. Feelings of anger, anxiety or depression are also common.
If you’re with someone you suspect is having a stroke, watch the person carefully and ask them to do the following:
Ask the person to smile. Does one side of the face droop?
Ask the person to raise both arms. Does one arm drift downward? Or is one arm unable to rise up?
Ask the person to repeat a simple phrase. Is his or her speech slurred or strange? If you observe any or the majority of these symptoms in a person, immediately bring that person to medical attention.
The longer a stroke goes untreated, the greater the potential for brain damage and disability. Also once identified with the disease regular lab tests are recommended, and treatments can improve one’s health but can not cure them fully of the disease.
As ischemic and hemorrhagic strokes have different causes, both require different forms of treatment.
It is not only important that the type of stroke is diagnosed quickly to reduce the damage done to the brain, but also because a treatment suitable for one type of stroke may be harmful when treating different type.
Arterial surgery can also be used to lower the risk of repeat strokes, as well as some other surgical options still being studied.
For an ischemic stroke or TIA, your doctor may recommend medications to help reduce your risk of having another stroke. These include:
- Anti-platelet drugs. Platelets are cells in your blood that form clots. Anti-platelet drugs make these cells less sticky and less likely to clot. The most commonly used anti-platelet medication is aspirin. Your doctor can help you determine the right dose of aspirin for you.
- Your doctor might also consider prescribing Aggrenox, a combination of low-dose aspirin and the anti-platelet drug dipyridamole to reduce the risk of blood clotting. If aspirin doesn’t prevent your TIA or stroke, or if you can’t take aspirin, your doctor may instead prescribe an anti-platelet drug such as clopidogrel (Plavix).
- Anticoagulants. These drugs, which include heparin and warfarin (Coumadin, Jantoven), reduce blood clotting. Heparin is fast acting and may be used over a short period of time in the hospital. Slower acting warfarin may be used over a longer term.
- Warfarin is a powerful blood-thinning drug, so you’ll need to take it exactly as directed and watch for side effects. Your doctor may prescribe these drugs if you have certain blood-clotting disorders, certain arterial abnormalities, abnormal heart rhythm or other heart problems. Other newer blood thinners may be used if your TIA or stroke was caused by an abnormal heart rhythm.
To treat this disease there aren’t many ethical or social issues and oppositions, this is mostly treated by medications and surgery are required when the disease had gone to a higher risk level.
This disease needs immediate medical attention and could be death threatening when untreated or gone to a sever level.