Epilepsy is a central nervous system disorder, that is depicted by uncontrolled and disorganized communication between nerve cells in the brain. In simple words, Epilepsy means ¨seizure disorders¨, so the people who have epilepsy, have recurring and unpredictable seizures.
A seizure is a period, where the cells in the brains or neurons are synchronously(recurring or operating at exactly the same periods) active; they´re active all on the same time when they aren’t supposed to be. So, groups of neuron in the brain, become temporarily impaired and start sending out a ton of excitatory signals, over and over again, causing a seizure. Anything that disturbs the brain’s normal electrical pattern can lead to seizures, including genetics, when the disease is inherited by the child. Brain damage, conditions that cause damage in brains like strokes or tumors triggers Epilepsy. Structural changes in the brain, certain differences in the structure of anyone’s brain develops over time, even causes a seizure. The impact of this disease on an individual can be like when a person first finds out that they have epilepsy they might have to make some changes to their usual activities. For example, taking a social factor, it’s important that they don’t have a bath or go swimming by themselves just in case they have a seizure while they’re in the water. But as long as people are responsible, careful, and safe, they can still do all the things they love. And this can affect the people in environment, I mean people in itś society to be conscious and alive every minute, when they are with the person having Epilepsy, to make sure if the person gets a seizure, they are there to help him/her out. Giving example upon social, ethical, and geographical factor in one – The disorder can affect decisions ranging from where people with the condition decide to go for a dip, what occupation they pursue or where they decide to live. States across the nation have different rules regarding epileptic drivers. Some require drivers with epilepsy to be seizure-free for a certain number of months before they are allowed to get behind the wheel. People with epilepsy also can experience feelings of social isolation because they lack control over their body and brain, and worry about what others will think of their seizures. Technology has helped so much in order to diagnose, and cure this disease. To Diagnose this disease, the doctor suggests tests to detect brain abnormalities, such as Electroencephalogram (EEG). The most common test used to diagnose epilepsy. In this test, electrodes are attached to your scalp with a paste-like substance or cap. The electrodes record the electrical activity of your brain. The second method to diagnose is the High-density EEG. In a variation of an EEG test, the doctor may recommend high-density EEG, which spaces electrodes more closely than conventional EEG — about a half a centimeter apart. High-density EEG may help the doctor more precisely determine which areas of your brain are affected by seizures. The third method, like Functional MRI (fMRI). Which measures the changes in blood flow that occur when specific parts of the brain are working. Doctors may use an fMRI before surgery to identify the exact locations of critical functions, such as speech and movement so that surgeons can avoid injuring those places while operating. And many more technological advances like, Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)., Positron emission tomography (PET). , Single-photon emission computerized tomography (SPECT). These were the examples of how the science, and technology together, help a disease like Epilepsy to get diagnosed. Technology helped heal this disease. A device like The RNS System monitors brain activity, detects patterns that indicate an imminent seizure, and responds by sending brief electrical pulses to disrupt the abnormal brain activity, stopping seizures in their tracks. If seizures could be predicted, people with epilepsy would have the opportunity to lead more normal lives. Patients could avoid potentially dangerous activities like driving, administer medications only when needed, or alert caregivers before a seizure starts. Essentially, patients would get back a degree of control in their lives. This medicationś economical point is that some people can afford it, and some cannot. The geographical factor, like there limited countries where this device is available, or else people have to travel through, other countries in order to get the treatment, And, advantages for the people who live in the country, where that device is available. Cultural, and ethical factor, that some cultures might believe that this type of technology cannot help curing diseases, and they disagree for this type of technology to cure, because they are still living with the technology outdated.