Leukemia is a cancer of the blood or bone marrow. Bone marrow produces blood cells. Leukemia can happen when there is a problem with the production of blood cells or is the overproduction of the blood cells. It usually affects the leukocytes or white blood cells. It is most likely to affect people over the age of 55 years, but it is also the most common cancer in those aged under 15 years. Leukemia is one of the most common childhood cancers, but it most often occurs in older adults.
Leukemia can be divided into four main groups. These groups distinguish acute, chronic, lymphocytic, and myelogenous leukemia.
Chronic Leukemia when progresses more slowly. It allows for more mature, useful cells to be made.
Acute leukemia is when immature, useless cells develop rapidly and collect in the marrow and blood. They are squeezed out of the bone marrow too early and are not functional.
Lymphocytic Leukemia occurs if the cancerous changes affect the type of bone marrow that makes lymphocytes. A lymphocyte is a kind of white blood cell that plays a role in the immune system.
Myelogenous leukemia happens when the changes affect the type of marrow cells that go on to produce red blood cells, other types of white cells, and platelets.
For the Diagnosis of Leukemia, the doctor will carry out a physical examination and ask about personal and family medical history as Leukemia can be passed on genetically. They will check for signs of anemia and feel for an enlarged liver or spleen. They will also take a blood sample for assessment in the laboratory as blood tests can also prove leukemia.
Treatment there are various types of leukemia, and they affect people differently as everyone has a different body. There are a lot of ways to cure Leukemia some of them are targeted therapy interferon therapy chemotherapy radiation therapy surgery and stem cell transplantation.
Chemotherapy can affect the whole body, but targeted therapy is aimed at a specific part of the cancer cell.
Transplantation plays an important role in curing Leukemia. For a type of leukemia known as chronic myeloid leukemia (CML), a bone marrow transplant may be effective. Younger patients are more likely to undergo transplantation successfully.
Ethical benefits of bone marrow transplantation are that it shows humanity as people are ready too donate their body parts in order to save the life of others which is a good moral value.
Socially also it is a benefit that the lives of children are getting saved. Families are happy that their children and parents are living longer.
Politically it contributes to the life expectancy rates of the country. If a country’s human development index is strong or the statistics in it are high, then the country is considered developed and is eligible to become a superpower, so small steps like bone marrow transplant can contribute to the nation to a huge extent.